Risk factors

Massimo Gualerzi, Cardiologist:

“Why prevention? Cardiovascular diseases represent the first cause of death in Europe and America and now also in developing countries. In the last years the number of deaths in the world increased drastically, up to 48% (54% for women and 43% for men). What should we do? Start by taking care of ourselves.  When we are in good shape, it helps us not get sick and conquer a Supersalute©, to enter in a virtuous circle where the obtained energy will be reinvested in order to reach other goals and to live better, longer.” 

ActiveAction wants to help accomplish this, through the recommendation of testing, proper nutrition, sport activities, etc.…

Read the following explanations for obtaining a healthier life style.

*Libro Supersalute, Autore: Massimo Gualerzi, Claudio Rinaldi, Sperling& Kupfer, 2013

CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS: WHAT ARE THEY?

HYPERTENSION

Hypertension is an unnatural increase of the arterial pressure, the force executed by the blood on the walls of the arteries. The World Health Organization states that optimal pressure values are 90mmHg for diastolic pressure and 140mmHg for the systolic one. Higher values indicate the presence of a hypertensive state that can be of variable grades.

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DIABETES

Today type II diabetes is almost considered as a cardiovascular evet: so those who suffer from it, from the risk point of view, can be seen as someone who already had experienced a heart attack. A diabetic man’s risk is two times higher than a non-diabetic man. In women, the risk is 4 or 5 times higher. To avoid type II diabetes normal daily activities should be enough: educate people to eat better and move more.

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CHOLESTEROL

A high value of cholesterol is slightly related to what we eat, because we are producing cholesterol. For this reason, apart from diet and our perceptions, controlling cholesterol regularly is a function that should not be taken lightly. High cholesterol increases the risk of raising atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. 

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SLEEP DISTURBANCES:

Sleeping poorly doesn’t imply only waking up tired, but being less efficient and having sudden-onset sleeps. Many people snore or suffer from sleep apnea and they are not even aware of it. Most people do not know that these two factors have a serious connection with cardiovascular diseases.

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SEDENTARY LIFE STYLE:

Mentre While physical activity contributes to an improvement in the quality of life, being sedentary contributes to the rising of chronical diseases. It is estimated that almost 2 million deaths every year in the world are caused by physical inactivity that favors almost the 10-16% of breast cancer, of the colon and diabetes and almost the 22% of strokes. Regular physical activity strengthens the heart and improves the circulation of the blood.

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OBESITY:

Being overweight or obese stops people from accomplishing their goals.  Being overweight brings out articular pain and fatigue. Abdominal obesity, in particular, creates inflammations, which brings on high pressure, high glycaemia (opening the doors to diabetes), and high cholesterol levels. The result? The risk of becoming sick and having a heart attack grows.

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SMOKING:

Nicotine increases cardiac frequency and arterial pressure. Carbon monoxide lowers the quantity of oxygen present in the blood and therefore, assists in the development of atherosclerosis. Tobacco products are dangerous in any shape and form and in any manner they are smoked: pipe, cigarette, cigar…

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Stress:

Stress can increase the arterial pressure and the heartbeat. The fluctuations of blood pressure on the arterial walls contribute to damaging the arteries and hardening them. Today the production of adrenaline related to a situation of stress is not channeled in the right direction, but it is interiorized so that psychological stress can become dangerous.

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